Dhamma Talks by Mogok Sayadaw; 27th May 1961
If someone can’t teach up to the point of truth (sacca) and wasting the chance of Path and Fruit (Magga and Phala). The person is listening to the teaching and not following to the end also not getting the Path Knowledge.
(To support these 2 points. Sayadaw told the stories of Ven. Sariputta and Dhanañjāni brahman; and lay men Pesa of the Buddha Kassapa’s time. Sariputta taught the brahman the samatha dhamma and he was reborn in the Brahma world.
But he had the potentiality for enlightenment. Later Sariputta went there again and taught him vipassanā dhamma. Pesa’s story had been mentioned before).
Even someone has the paramis, these 2 points are important. Teacher and student, if each person is lacking one of these points will lose the chance for realization. A person has the paramis or not can be checked with the following 5 points. These are;
① Encounter with the Buddha’s sāsana.
② Meeting with those who can teach the sacca dhamma, that is the Buddha or the disciples of the Buddha.
③ Able to listen and understand the sacca dhamma.
④ Can practice in accordance with the Dhamma – (Here Sayadaw was emphasized the discerning of impermanence.)
⑤ Repay the gratitude to the teacher with the successful practice.
If you complete with ①, ② and ③ points and have the paramis. If you can complete ④ and ⑤ with the practice and fulfill the goal.
The sutta discourses were the khandha records. Entering the Path have to look at the khandha. (Giving the Dhammapada story of 2 monks; one was a scholar and the other was a yogi. The scholar couldn’t answer the practical questions put by the Buddha. But the yogi could answer them.)
We can perform the sāsana duty with learing (pariyatti) and practical knowledges (patipatti). The real learning knowledge comes from the practical knowledges of the khandha. Don’t know the khandha directly and only from the books can be bitten by tanhā, māna and ditthi.
If knowledge (ñāṇa) is in accordance with the reality can realize Path andFruit. One thing you have to remember is, if kilesas come in and it takes longer. Therefore it is important not let kilesas come in between the reality and knowledge. Practice in the morning and it can be realized in the evening . Practice in the evening and it can be realized in the morning (half day).
A wanderer asked Ven. Sariputta; “What is the most difficult thing in loka – the world?” Ven. Sariputta’s answers were; Free from businesses (activities) for the practice; live in seclusion for the practice; and seeing anicca. Not included the paramis in these 3 points. If practice with these 3 points will realize the Dhamma.
If you succeed with the no. ③ and will get it (discerning anicca). The Buddha andSayadaw mentioned the importance of anicca in practice in their suttas and talks)
(Sayadaw continued to talk on the hindrances from the Singalovada Sutta) The reason of having impermanence (conditioned dhamma) and can’t discern it is covering by hindrances. Then, how to solve it? For e.g, lobha arises and it will cover up impermanence. First, you have to contemplate the impermanence of lobha mind. After that continue the contemplation whatever the khandha shows you. Because of these hindrances that can’t realize Path and Fruit.
cited from https://oba.org.tw/viewtopic.php?f=22&t=4241&p=36213#p36213 (posted on 2019-03-31)
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