Dukkha and The End of Dukkha


Dhamma Talks by Mogok Sayadaw; 24th November 1961

[Sayadaw told the story of Acela Kassapa, a wanderer. He met the Buddha and asking question with wrong views. The four wrong views which the naked ascetic asked to the Buddha were:

① Is suffering created by oneself?
② Is suffering created by another?
③ Is suffering created both by oneself and another?
④ Has suffering arisen by chance or without any cause.]

One has done dukkha and one has suffered for it. This is the view of eternalism (sassata diṭṭhi). Because it continues as the same one person. The cause of ignorance and volitional formation (avijjā and saṅkhāra) that dukkha arises. You do it so you suffer for it. This is Buddhist sassata diṭṭhi.

Buddhist religion in name, and internally it’s sassata. Most people die with sassata diṭṭhi. With wrong view and contemplation of vipassanā will get insight knowledge (i.e. will see impermanence). But you can’t get the Path Knowledge (a good example was Ven. Channa and Ven. Yamaka).

The actor is one person and the sufferer is another person means cause and effect are not connecting. It becomes uccheda diṭṭhi (view of annihilationism). If you can answer both questions as it’s not in this way, then you are free from sassata and uccheda views. Without a teacher’s explanation all have wrong views.

If you have wrong views and practice and can’t get the Path and Fruition Knowledges. Because it’s resisting by wrong views. The 4th question was, “Has dukkha arisen by chance?”. It was ahetuka diṭṭhi (view of noncausality). If you know these 4 as cleary and all wrong view fall away.

And then by practicing hard can realize Path and Fruition Knowledges. If not I can’t guarantee you. Also the Buddha said that it couldn’t be. If you ask: “Is there any dukkha exist?” The answer is dukkha exists. In this khandha whatever arising is dukkha arising.

This body is all dukkha. If you don’t believe just observe it. It’s arising and vanishing, arising and vanishing, etc to infinity. When it will stop? If you can answer dukkha exists, and you get sacca ñāṇa. He asked the Buddha as did he know dukkha? The Buddha answered as he knew it.

If the changing and perishing are not extinct and can’t get Nibbāna. In your vipassanā practice, I am asking you of does the khandha disappear? It’s the same as does dukkha disappear? If dukkha disappears and Nibbāna appears. The whole khandha is the assemblage of dukkha.

Dukkha khandhassa samudayo hoti – the whole dukkha khandha is arising. By following to the end of dukkha and its ending is Nibbāna. Just practice vipassanā and you can realized the ending of dukkha. Dukkhassa antaṁ karissati – Will realized the end of dukkha. If you really and truly know dukkha and dukkha will end.

Dukkha exists is the khandha and the knowing is ñāṇa. In you dukkha sacca and magga succa arise. And then you get the mundane path factors (lokiya maggan) If you continue the contemplation will get the supermundane knowledge. Without the understanding of D.A process and you have diṭṭhi.


cited from https://oba.org.tw/viewtopic.php?f=22&t=4091&p=35844#p35844 (posted on 2019-01-18)


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