Khandha Calling and Ñāṇa Going

Dhamma Talks by Mogok Sayadaw; 5th to 6th March 1961


By listening Dhamma talk, ñāṇa must turn towards the khandha. The khandha will tell you about impermanence, suffering and not-self and truth of dukkha (anicca, dukkha, anatta and dukkha sacca). Don’t believe in what others say. Just believe in what the khandha will tell you. Stare at it and see what it has to tell you.

E-hi passiko—the khandha is calling at you to come and contemplate for moment to moment. You must follow it with ñāṇa. The calling is anicca and the following is ñāṇa. And you’ll know your khandha very well. As an example for feeling,

body itching is calling at you. You go and look at it and disappears. Minds are calling at you. Follow with sanditthiko and seeing that it’s not there. Don’t follow with lobha, dosa and moha (greed, anger and delusion). For example, the body is itching.

It’s too itchy and you go with the hand. This is going with anger. Is there any time the khandha is not calling at you? I am only worrying that you are not following with ñāṇa. By going with ñāṇa and become akaliko—giving the result without delay.

Greed, anger and delusion—cease to arise. So no future khandha arises. Dhamma which are leading to the painful rebirths are not arising is akaliko.

E-hi passiko is calling and must follow with sanditthiko will close the doors to painful existence. Don’t follow with craving and anger. Also don’t forget it with delusion (These talks were based on the Susima Sutta). Is there any samatha practice including here? I had already told you about this yesterday.

This case also supported by the Buddha. Commentary also explained it. For example, at night bed bug bites you and follow with your hand. Vedana is calling at you that your hand going there. It continues to tanhā, upadānā and kamma because you follow with tanhā. Whatever calling at you is anicca and every following is magga. Combine the process it become object for contemplation, contemplating mind and the result.

You have to practice hard in this way. Samatha is including as samadhi and a necessary factor follows behind it. For an example, taking water is including the cup. Here water is like paññā and the cup is samadhi. The process of contemplation is anicca, magga and akaliko(the result). The Buddha and all ariyas finished their practices in this way.

If you do it now and it is sure to give you the result now—akaliko! There is no time that the Dhamma is not calling at you. There are only time you are not following it. The reason you missed each Buddha in the past was e-hi passiko calling you and not following with sanditthiko.

If you missed the Buddha was not important. But important is not miss the Dhamma. If you don’t follow the Dhamma then you are building hell fire and hell woks from here. Don’t take it as I am frightening you.

For example, Nandiya Upassaka who wholesome merits from the human world caused celestial mansions appeared in the heaven even before his death.

(This episode came from Mahā Moggalliāna during his visit to heaven and saw these mansions. We can also discover some of the points and factors concerning with kamma and rebirth by research and contemplation with some of the sutta stories in the Nikāya).

You have to extinguish the hell fire with magga from here (Here Sayadaw’s talk was humorous and with samvega) Aging and death are always following behind you. So do the practice quickly.

(continued the Susima Sutta) The arahants answerd to Susima’s question was, they became arahants without jhana practice. According to the commentary it was called dry insight, and freed from defilements by wisdom.

(Some Buddhists, mostly in the west reject dry insight because they think without any jhana is impossible for realization. This comes from misunderstanding and misjudgments of the Theravadin Texts, both Nikāyas and Commentaries.

For example, some Buddhists thought that in the Buddha’s time someone became an anagamin or arahant directly without going through the lower 2 or 3 stages by listening talks. Even the Bodhisatta couldn’t do it.

Mundane jhanas can’t destroy the fetters. Only supramundane jhanas can do it. Without any jhana can’t enter into the fruition state after the realization. We need to count the yogis’ direct experiences also)


The 5 path factors (here 2 wisdom and 3 samadhi factors) must go toward the 5 khandhas. The 5 khandhas arise before and the 5 path factors later. Why it’s this way? It can’t happen together simultaneously. Right view (sammā-ditthi means seeing the khandha as it really is.

Right thought (sammā-sankappa) means helping to see it as really is. They are like the eyes and glasses. Both of them are leading the process and 3 samadhi factors following with them. They include as necessary factors.

The real seeing is the 2 wisdom factors. (He continued Susima’s story). Not including jhana, and only access concentration (upacara samadhi) is necessary in this process.

Paññāmattaneva—Only with wisdom, vimutta—to liberation. I ask you to contemplate with these arahants’ way (the arahants in the sutta).

I’ll tell you how they realized the Dhamma. ① is Dhammanu—and ② is dhammapatipatti. If you can practice in accordance with ① and ② will realize the Dhamma.

This is the practice I give you now. In this way you’ll take away your hell fire and wok. You are in with the matters of sons, daughters and businesses that muddle with unwholesome dhammas. But you don’t have the practice of in accordance with the Dhamma to offer (to the 3 gems and teacher).

Khandha dhamma and magga dhamma must be in accordance with the Dhamma. For example, a feeling arises and you observe it and not there. It is passing away and you see the passing away. This is right knowing. You don’t see man or woman.

This dhamma process and this knowing are in accordance with the Dhamma. This point is very important. If kilesa not comes in between the contemplation, practicing from the morning and becomes a stream enterer in the evening.

Let ① the existence of passing away and ② the knowing of passing away are in accordingly. This is Dhammnu-dhammapatipatti—practice in accordance with the Dhamma. Another example is the mind of hungry to eat something arises. You contemplate it with the next mind. The hungry mind is anicca and contemplation is magga.

This is Dhammanu-dhammapatipatti. Saṁsāra is long for all of us because these 2 dhammas are not in accordance with the Dhamma. This time if you can’t make it accordingly next time will be hopeless. Because in the later period of the Buddha’s Sāsanā, the mind of human beings will become very defiled. If you can practice this one and will die HAPPILY.

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