revised on 2019-07-25
Dhamma Talks by Mogok Sayadaw; 19th January 1961
[Sayadaw based this talk from the Khandhavagga Saṃyutta, Devadaha Sutta (SN. 22.2 Devadahasuttaṃ). One time the Buddha was dwelling among the Sakyans in a town named Devadaha. At that time some monks wanted to go to the western province in order to spend the rain retreat there. So they went to see the Buddha and asked permission for it.
The Buddha asked them to see Sāriputta before. So they went to see him. Sāriputta knew that the Buddha wanted him to teach them. He said to them, they should answer in this way if someone asked what the Buddhavāda—the Buddha’s Doctrine was. The Buddha taught to remove or destroy desire and lust (chanda-raga) and the way to do it. ]
We are worshiping the Buddha and Dhamma, so it’s important to know the Doctrine of the Buddha. (In one of his talks on the same subject, Sayadaw said that most Buddhists know a lot of rites and rituals. Such as worship the Buddha in many different ways but may be they don’t know the doctrines. Without knowing it they can’t practice. Nowadays we see many monks teach the lay people ordinary things.)
(Sayadaw told the story of the sutta) Sāriputta gave the talk to the monks. The Buddha used to talk removed or destroyed desire and lust (chanda-raga). He also used to exhort for practice of removing and destroying it; to remove the causes of dukkha samudaya (i.e., taṇhā) and the way for it. The inquirers would not satisfy with that much. They would ask you again, in regard to what your teacher taught the removal of desire and lust. It's to remove the desire and lust on the five khandhas. If you didn’t, then what happened? There arose in one sorrow, lamentation, pain, displeasure and despair. If you did it, then what happened? It will not followed by sorrow, lamentation, pain, displeasure and despair by removing it and not either followed by ignorance and volitional formation (avijjā and saṅkhāra). If you don’t remove it, then you are an unwholesome person. You will fall into the planes of misery when death arrives. If you remove it, then you are a wholesome person. You will born in the blissful planes after death (as human and celestial beings) and realize Nibbāna. These are according to the sutta. I have something to explain more.
If you don’t remove or destroy it with Path Knowledge, the khandhas and samudaya (i.e., taṇhā) are always sticking together.
Here means latent tendency or defilements (anusaya kilesa). This is lobha (greed), affection to one’s own khandhas. If you don’t remove it, craving, clinging, action (taṇhā, upādāna, kamma) connect with birth, aging and death (jāti, jarā, maraṇa). It’s here to describe the way of practice. You can contemplate whatever you prefer, mind, feeling, etc.
Before you don't know and think it as permanence and have affection to the khandhas. By contemplation and know that it’s impermanent. Defilements have three stages: ① Latent stage (anusaya), ② Stimulating stage (pariyuṭthāna), and ③Active stage (vītikkama).
By seeing impermanence, vipassanā knowledge removes ② and ③ stages but it can’t overcome the latent tendency. With ①, ② and ③ will come back again. Whichever can destroy ① becomes the true Buddhavada. Don’t satisfy only with vipassanā knowledge.
Without the practice by encountering coarse sense objects and all of them arise back again. Knowledge of disenchantment and change of lineage (Nibbidā and Gotrabhū Ñāṇas) are still not enough. Therefore continue to practice until to the truth of the five khandhas as dukkha.
Have to practice until you totally don’t want the khandha. If you don’t want the truth of dukkha and the five khandhas disappear. Then defilement of wrong view has no khandha to dependent on. Khandha disappears and nothing exists for the dependence; so wrong view does not exist anymore. There are rebirths no more to the planes of misery without any attachment to wrong view with kamma. Hell fire and hell woks are totally gone for you. (Wok is a large iron cauldron for cooking and come from Chinese word)
revised on 2019-07-25; cited from https://oba.org.tw/viewtopic.php?f=22&t=4049&p=35700#p35700 (posted on 2019-01-07)
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